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Dolzyca (Dovzhytsya) Recollections

 

Dear George,
Re: Map of Dovzhytsia

Attached is a copy of the map of Dovzhytsia which accompanies the list that I have emailed to you previously. 
The map was compiled primarily by my father, Michael Lawriwsky (Mykhailo Lavrivskii) of the Syvanyn 
branch of the Lavrivskii families of Dovzhytsia. He recently obtained help in determining the eastern end of the 
village from Fedor Lazor, who now resides in Eastern Ukraine. Fedor was a postman at one stage.

The map is meant to represent the village as it stood in the 1930s. The house numbers bear no resemblance to 
the postal numbers in the village. The accompanying list of residents is obviously not complete and focuses on 
the head of household and any unusual events that took place in the village.

The names of residents have been rendered in the Ukrainian-English transliteration and differ from the Polish 
spellings. As an aside, you should note that the "Dolzyca" name in Polish has a crossed "1" which means that it 
should be pronounced softly, so the pronunciation of "Dov" in Ukrainian is the same as "Dol" in Polish. In both 
cases they sound just like the "doh" sound made by Homer Simpson.

The map can be cropped at around house number 1, as the top right hand corner has the houses in it. Houses 
that had previously existed but had been dismantled or burnt down are shown in outline.

The map of Tisna needs some changes made to it, and I expect to have it ready in the next month or so. There 
is also a map of Habkivtsi, but it is less reliable than the others.

Congratulations once again on the effort that you have made with the Smerek Group.

Yours sincerely,
Dr. Michael Lawriwsky  

Copyright 2003 by Michael Lavrivskyi, all rights reserved. Used with permission of author.

 

Village of Dovzhytsya (Pol.: Dolzyca)
Compiled by Mykhailo Lavrivskii (Michael Lawriwsky), born house No.25 (14 as postal address)

 

House
No.

Family

Pseudonym

Remarks

1

Lavryk, Hryts

Hyrdosh

Sister married Ukrainian POW from WWI, Telenko, their son lives in Adelaide Australia. Arrested by Germans and died in concentration camp.  Son arrested by NKVD died in Siberia.

2

Gyda, Dmytro

Babychka

Once belonged to Babych (went to US), his daughter married Gyda who died WWII, then she married Vasyl Karabyn . Was deported 1947, returned early 1960s.  One of 4 tin roofed houses.

3

Hodovanyts, Ivan

 

Hodovanets nyzhnii, honey producer. Deported 1947.  His son Mykhailo married Vasyl Lavrivskii’s daughter [26]. He was in Red Army, deported 1947.

4

Sokyra, Hryhorii

 

Self taught dentist. Had one daughter married Vetkhach, Hryts’ a neighbour after Sokyra died in 1936-37.

5

Vetkhach, Vasyl

 

Father of Hryts’ and Fedor

6

Sokyra,

Bihun, Fedor

 

Sokyra vyshnii, Bihun (from Luh) married Sokyra’s daughter (no sons) Deported 1947

7

Hodovanets,

Vetlyka

Hodovanets vyshnii (son, Ivan lives in Vetlyna now)

8

Sokyra Iurko

 

Musician, played violin at dances and weddings.  Deported 1947.  Younger Iurko Sokyra was wounded in Red Army.

9

Hrytsyk, Petro

 

House taken apart in early 1920s (Father born 1864 in Medgebrodia, near Lisko. Married widow with 2 daughters.  Had 3 wives, with last had Fedor Hrytsyk in Canada.  Was deported 1947, lived to 95 years)

10

[               ], Franz

 

German who lived here until late 1920s, when he died (Ukrainian wife then went to live with her brother), House taken apart.

11

Paraska, Mykola

Hyrcha

One daughter, who married Varholiak, Stanko (went to Germany) Very strong. Deported 1947. 

12

Mazur, Mykhailo (father Ilko)

 

Ilko made berda (for looms) played violin, died around 1915. Mykhailo went in 1938 to France to work, returned during war deported 1947.

13

Krepich, Ivan

Z Habkovets

Once belonged to Boberskii.  Died 1946 from typhus. Son Mykola Krepych deported 1947, became dentist.

14

Kostyk, Ivan

 

Was in US during WWI, deported 1947

15

Boberskii, Fedor

 

Deported 1947

16

Kostyk, Hryts

 

Lost leg in WWI, deported 1947.

17

Ioikan, Mykola

 

Invalid from WWI, tobacco merchant under licence to Govt. Deported 1947. His son Ivan died in Red Army.

18

Lazar, Hryts

Kashchynoho Hryts’
Viitiv

Brother of Ivan Lazar who migrated to Scranton, Penn. Fought WWI, was cook. Deported 1947.  Both sons, Mykhailo and Mykola died in Red Army.

19

Lazar’s old house,

 

House demolished

20

Kostyk, Vasyl

 

Was in US before WWI

21

Shakhmat, Mykola

Gazdochka

Was in US at turn of century. Died before deportation.

22

Shakhmat, Mykola

 

Nephew of Gazdochka. Deported 1947.

23

Hrytsyk, Petro

Petrykiv

Was in WWI (see above)

24

Pindzhiolia, Vasyl

 

Son, Mykhailo called “Palir” as he set fire to several houses in 1918 as a boy. Disappeared in Germany during WWII. Father deported 1947.

25

Lavrivskii, Mykola

Syvanyn

House burned down 1938. Blacksmiths shop nearby

26

Lavrivskii, Mykola

Syvanyn

Went to US. Captured WWI sent Siberia 6 years. Returned to become building contractor. New house built in 1938 with tin roof and separate stables.  Site of original house burned down in 1918. Died 1941. Son Vasyl made wagon wheels. Deported 1947.

27

Shvarts, Mendel

 

Wrote holy scripts on leather.  Early Sept. 1939 fled to USSR before Germans arrived. Sons Srul’ and Leiba.  Was a shop for some time.  House demolished during WWII.

28

Savka,

 

No children. Died 1936. House burned down 1934

29

Savka, Ivan

Chopak

Son Mykola.  Deported 1947.

30

Lazoryshak, Kateryna

Stakhurania

She was deported 1947.  Jewess Faiga lived here in mid 1930s. Taken by Gestapo to concentration camp in 1943.

31

Karabyn, Hryts’

 

Son Mykola was also builder.  Hryts built Tisna’s largest building, “Pensionat” hotel for Hugo Herchka. Was deported 1947.

32

Lazar, Mykola

 

Diak in church in Dovzhytsia and Tisna. Married one of 7 Pavlyshyn daughters. Deported 1947.

33

Salitrynskii

 

School after 1934, also tin roof.

34

Lavrivskii, Hryts

Iizhyk

Was Diak in Lishna and Habkivtsi churches. General store in 1930s. Deported 1947. Returned early 1960s.

35

Shydyvar, Mykola

Trishchiv

Family to [26]. Deported 1947. Brother Hryts in Polish Army at start WWII. Died tragically Jan 1946.

36

Liga, Ilko

 

Deported 1947

37

Cemetery and Chapel andTruparnia

 

Bottom of cemetery was left for 100 years after victims of cholera epidemic buried there in 1848.

38

Church of St. Nicholas the Miracle Worker

 

Built in 1907, after an earlier church burned down. Small cemetery for notables at S.E. corner of church. Demolished after 1947.

39

Kharkhalis, Evstachii

 

Parish priest of Tisna from 1932.  Arrested in 1947 sent to Iavozhno concentration camp.  Died at 96 years.

40

Suchyk, Ivan

 

Wounded in Red Army. Deported 1947.

41

Futrega, Vasyl

 

Died tragically with son Jan 1946

42

Lavrivskii, Fedor

 

Died 1934. Wife remarried Ivan Kotsyban from Maniv.Deported 1947.

43

Lavrivskii, Mykhailo

Pavlyshyn

Fought as Zugsfuhrer in Austrian Army WWI.  Once the house of Markanych, who had seven daughters.  Spared from deportation through friendship with Poles.

44

Lavrivskii, Mykhailo

 

Older brother of Vasyl [45] In France during 1930s. Later linseed oil producer. Deported 1947

45

Lavrivskii, Vasyl

 

Deported 1947

46

Didych, Ivan

 

 

47

Markanych, Ivan

Vleksiv

He was WWI , POW in Russia. Son died in Red Army 1944. Daughter taken as slave labour to Germany. Retreating Germans shot wife on ladder during front 1944 as she tried to put out fire on roof of house.  From these tragedies he was the only one in the village who in 1945 chose voluntarily to go Soviet Ukraine.

48

Lazor, Ivan

Bratanych

Deported 1947

49

Didych and later Holub,

Gotohell (Didych)

Went to US before WWI. Died around mid 1930s. Holub (from Kryve) married his wife.

50

Markanych, Hryts

 

Went to US with wife, built fine house on return in 1920s. Brought back girl, Eva from US (she married ‘Palir” [24] in 1938) He disappeared to Germany during WW2.  She was deported 1947.

51

Lazor, Mykola

 

Son of Ivan Lazar’s brother. Was in Red Army and returned. Deported 1947. Younger brother Fedor arrested Oct 1944 by NKVD sent to north Siberia for 10 years to coal mine. On return forced to settle East Ukraine.  Assisted in compiling this list.

52

Lazor, Ivan

 

Went to US before WWI, spoke English well.  Deported 1947.

53

Patsalatii, Hryts

 

Flour miller driven by waterwheel. Deported 1947

54

Lavrivskii, Hryts

Luzhanyn

Deported 1947

55

Lisnychivka

 

This was a house owned by Backenroth for forest ranger. (Polish family Verbitski (Karol) lived there in 1920-30s.) Wife died tragically 1946.

56

Lavrivskii, Mykola

Mahlianyn

Went to Italian Front in WWI. Deported 1947. Married one of 7 Pavlyshyn daughters. Deported 1947.

57

Zubal’, Hryts’

 

Deported 1947.

58

Luchka, Vasyl

Iakhvak

Came from Buk. Deported 1947.

59

Halushka, Vasyl

Vashil’o

Gypsie, blacksmith. Sons were musicians. Older son Ivan died TB 1938. Younger son Mykola deported 1947.

60

Sverdan, Ivan

Filip

Was in Polish Army.  Refused to go to Red Army on grounds of going to Polish Army. Deported 1947.

61

Markanych, Hryts

Masniak

Soltys, 1938-1944. One son died in WWII. Father,  2 sons and daughter deported 1947.

62

Lavrivskii,  Fedor

Mahlianyn

Deported 1947

63

Markanych, Mykola

Briaza

Deported 1947

64

Matsyshak, Ivan

 

Wife born 1914 in US, spoke English.  He was in Red Army was concussed, deported 1947.

65

Lavrivskii, Ivan

Volishchak

Deported 1947, returned early 1960s. Olena (Vytkhach) his wife.

66

Lavrivskii, Fedor

Sivak

No land. 3 daughters. Son Ivan born 1919, was in Red Army and returned. Wife from Masniak. Deported 1947

67

Lavrivskii, Ivan

Krepich

Photo 1934 in Falkowski book. Deported 1947.

68

Halushko, Ivan

 

Gypsie. Good musician and singer. Deported 1947.

69

Varkholiak, Mykhailo

Makar

Deported 1947

70

Makar,

 

Was in US, built house with tin roof. Brought orphan daughter from US.  She married Matsyshak [64]. House burned, he died in early 30s.

71

Tyliavskii, Pavlo

 

Father was diak buried near Church before WW1.  Son went to US (Scranton, Penn.), house was demolished.

 

 

 

 

 Dolzyca