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Cisna (Tisna) Recollections

25 Feb 2003

Dear George,
As promised, I have enclosed the map of Tisna that has been compiled by my father.
His next project is the village of Habkivtski, situated to the northwest of Tisna. You should also note that the map of Tisna is on the same scale and links up to the earlier map of Dovzhytsia.
With best wishes for your project in the future.

Yours sincerely,
Michael Lawriwsky

Copyright 2003 by Michael Lavrivskyi, all rights reserved. Used with permission of author.


Tisna (Pol: Cisna) late 1930s to mid-1940s.
Compiled by Michael Lavrivskyi, son of Mykola Lavrivskyi of Dovzhytsia
(House numbers not postal)


 Type of building
 1.  Sheparovych  Private house  Ukrainian engineer overseeing road construction. Married to a Jewess.
Son's name was Stefan. Escaped to the east in 1939.
 2.  Hechka  Private house built at end of 1930s  Polish Volksdeutscher. Was Vyit (Mayor) at one time under the German occupation.
 3.  Herchka, Hugo  Three storey Pensionate, built for tourists  Herchka was a Christianised Jew. Built by Hryts Karabyn of Dovzhytsia. The only building that had its own electricity powered by a generator and modern toilet facilities. Burned down in 1946 by the UPA (Ukrainian Insurgent Army).
 4.  Herchka, Hugo  White house associated with the Pensionate  Built by Mykola Lavrivskyi of Dovzhytsia (the compiler's father).Gmina located here in 1938.
 5.    Butcher shop  Jewish owner.
 6.  Falishevskyi, Vladyslav  Private house  Polish owner. Electrician at the saw mill (Tartak). For a short time the commander of Polish police.
 7.    Shop  Jewish proprietor.
 8.  Vishnievskyi  Private house  Edvard Vishneivskyi (born 1922) was a postie during WW2. After the war
became a Polish policeman and died 24.7.1945 when a mine was accidentally detonated at the police station (Building No. 11).
 9.    Shop  Jewish proprietor.
 10.  Mazurkevych,Franek  Private house  Polish owner.
 11.  Okhnych, Roman  Private two storey house built in 1932  Son of a priest. Wife was a doctor of Belarus'ian ancestry who died in the Warsaw uprising. Prior to 1939 the Polish co-operative "Kulko Rol'niche" was located on the ground floor. From 1942 to the start of 1944 the Gmina and Markhelfer (livestock control) was located on the ground floor. Okhnych owned an automobile.
 12.  Borkovskyi  Bakery (steam powered)  Polish proprietor.
 13.  Ukrainian cooperative  General store  Began in 1934 as a branch of the co-operative in Balyhorod.
 14.  Novak  Metalworking shop  Polish proprietor.
 15.  Kulish, Ian  Private house  Polish commander of the border guards. Had been decorated during WW1.
 16.  Rosenbaum, Khaim  Shoe store  Jewish proprietor known as "Khaiemko." Very high quality cobbler and shoe maker. Escaped to the east in 1939.
 17.  Pekhter  Private house  Jewish owner of the Tisna saw mill (Tartak) that was burnt by the Polish Army in 1939 ahead of the arrival of the Germans. He went to the USA just prior the war, but his brother was left behind. Martinger, of German stock (but not claiming Volksdeutscher status in WW2) lived here after and was the Polish police (militsia) chief for a while after the Soviets arrived.
 19.  Kaminskyi, Stanislav  Private house  Polish owner. Was commander of the Polish police and respected as an honourable person. Built in 1936 with community assistance. Was police station 1937-1939 and Gmina 1939-1942, and a police station for a short time after the Soviets arrived.
 20.  Pinko  Shop/private house  Was post office 1941-1944.
 21.  Ukrainian Catholic Church of the Archangel Mykhail  House of worship  Built of wood in 1825. Taken apart after 1947.
 22.  Mainardi, Leon  Butcher shop  Son of a Polanised Italian from Venice.
 24.  Gimla, Vintsentyi  Private house  Polish owner. Son, Mikhal went to school in Tisna. Mykola Futryk (Ukrainian) the best volleyball player in the Tisna team, and pre-WW2 postie, also lived here as a boarder.
 25.    Tailor's shop  Polish proprietor. Very high quality tailor, married to a Ukrainian. Large family.
 26.  Jewish Synagogue  House of worship  In mid 1930s lessons in Hebrew were begun here. Jewish population generally conversed in Yiddish. Quite basic wooden structure.
 27.    Area for parking of wagons  People parked their wagons here while visiting stores or the korchma (bar).
 28.  Kel'man  Korchma (bar)  Jewish proprietor. Extended section closest to road built by Mykola Lavrivskyi.
 29.  Somer  Hardware store  Jewish proprietor. Successful and highly respected. Was Soltys (Mayor) prior to WW2. Escaped to the east in 1939.
 30.  Vishner  General store  Jewish proprietor of the largest general store in Tisna. Escaped to the east in 1939.
 31.  Kyrpa  Private house  Ukrainian owner worked at saw mill.
 32.  Fisher  Shop/Private house  Jewish owner.
 33.    Post office from 1936  Jewish proprietor and owner of (32).Ukrainian police occupied it during WW2.
 34.  Borukh  Shop/private house  Jewish owner, father-in-law of Pekhter.House built in late 1920s by Mykola Lavrivskyi
 35.  Idler  Hardware store  Jewish proprietor. Escaped to the east in 1939. School of Agriculture located here during German occupation.
 36.  Markevych, Miechyslav  Private house  Polish owner. Highly regarded director of the Tisna school. Honorary Head of
the Association of Polish Sharpshooters.
 37.  Markevych, Miechyslav  School building rented by the Polish Government  Polish proprietor.
 38.  Verbitskyi, Ludvig  Private house built in 1934 with shops at both ends (bar and butcher shop)  Polish proprietor, son of the forest ranger (lisnyi).
 39.  Hodovanets, Vasyl  Private house  Ukrainian farmer. Deported to Soviet Ukraine (?).
 40.  Tychar, Mykola  Private house  Ukrainian forest ranger. House built in 1935 by Mykola Lavrivskyi. Conscripted into Red Army.
 41.  Bliavchak, lusef  Private house  Polish owner. A large house. His son was a pilot between the wars. The midwife Lopatynska also lived her with her family.
 42.  Halik, Franchisek  Private house  A Polish tailor, he died tragically with his wife.
 43.  Manziliefskyi, Mikhal  Private house  Polish owner.
 44.  Zel'man  Private house  Jewish owner. The kosher butcher also lived here.
 45.  Kyrpa  Private house  Ukrainian owner.
 46.  Levandovskyi, Piotr  Private house  Polish owner. Forest ranger.
 47.  Blumenfel'd  Private house  Jewish owner.
 48.  Shraiber  Private house  Jewish owner.
 49.  Bakenrot  Manor house  Jewish owner, Bakenrot escaped to the east in 1939. The manor house was built by the Fredro family. The UPA burnt it down in 1946.
 50.  Hershman, Karol'  Police station to1937 and after1944. Volksdeutcher owner. He was chief director of forests working forBakenrot. During WW2 he was chief of forests in the region including Lopinka, Kalnytsia, Zubriache and Vetlyna. Standing on a strategic knoll. During WW2 the Red Army fortified it by a circle of trenches and later the Polish police occupied it. The UPA unsuccessfully attacked it on 6 January, 1946. Site of current Polish monument to battles with UPA.
 51.  Association of Former Polish Servicemen (Sharpshooters)  "Dom Shchel'tsia" (Sharpshooters' Hall)  Built by former Polish servicemen in the interwar period. Was burnt by the UPA.
 52.    Cobbler  Jewish proprietor. Relatively poor. Worked at a stall in front of the window.
 53.  Soliak, Marianna  Private house  Polish owner, midwife.
 54.  Runia  Billiard hall/shop/private residence  Jewish proprietor. Escaped to the east in 1939.
 55.  Berkania  Haberdashery/private house  Jewish proprietor. Escaped to the east in 1939.
 56.  Polish Catholic Church of St. Stanislav Biskup  House of worship  Built of stone in 1914.
 57.  Hershko  Clothing store/private house  Jewish proprietor. Escaped to the east in 1939.
 58.  Polish Catholic Church  Plebania  From 1939 the Polish priest came from Balyhorod as required. During WW2
he stayed in this building. Was a school from 1932.
 59.  Vrubel'  Store/ private house/ metal working shop  Jewish proprietor. His son was caught by the Germans and held in Sanik.
 60.  Roman, Antoni  Private house  Ukrainian Volksdeutscher.
 61.  School  Unfinished school house  Remained unfinished during WW2. Burnt down 22-23 September 1944 as the Soviet Front approached.
 62.  Smil'nytskyi, Mykhailo  Private house  Ukrainian owner. Was inspector of hygiene for the Gmina. Died in the Red Army.
 63.  Paraska, Mykhailo  Private house  Ukrainian owner. Worked on the maintenance of roads in the Gmina. Arrested by the Polish Police and died in the prison in Zheshov.
 64.  Gavulych,  Private house  Ukrainian farmer. Deported to Soviet Ukraine.
 65.  Tsybulia, Franchisek  Private house  Polish owner. Worked on the maintenance of roads prior to 1939. Was commander of the Sharpshooters association.
 66.  Alegash  Private house  Ukrainian owner. She cleaned offices. Her 10-year-old son was killed by a WW1 bomb he had found in 1932-33.
 67.  Pastushak, Iuzef and Franek  Private house  Polish owner. Were cart-wrights. Iuzef was a sapper in the Polish Army between the wars and had knowledge of land mines. He died when the police station (11) accidentally blew up.
 68.    Butcher shop at the start of the 1930s.  Polish proprietor.
 69.  [ ], Antoshko  Private house  Ukrainian farmer.
 70.  Kerpin, Iuryi  Private house  Ukrainian owner. Worked at the saw mill. Hid the brother of Pekhter from the Germans. The Gestapo found him and sent both of them to a concentration camp, where they died.
 71.  Mandziak,  Private house  Ukrainian farmer. Deported to Soviet Ukraine
 72.  Mudryk,  Private house  Ukrainian farmer. Deported to Soviet Ukraine.
 73.  Horodetskyi  Private house  Ukrainian farmer from Drohobych. Deported to Soviet Ukraine.
 74.  Paraska, Mykola  Private house  Ukrainian farmer. Wounded in the Red Army.
 75.  Shydyvar, Fedor  Private house  Ukrainian fanner. From 1934 he carried the post between Balyhorod and Tisna by horse-drawn wagon (and provided taxi services). Was Mayor (Soltys) of Tisna during WW2. Deported to Soviet Ukraine (Mykolaiv).
 76.  Shydyvar, Mykola  Private house  Ukrainian farmer. Looked after the Ukrainian church in Tisna (kadylo). Deported to Soviet Ukraine.
 77.  Savka  Private house  Ukrainian farmer
 78.  Pindzholia, Mykola  Private house/water-powered mill  Ukrainian farmer and miller. Conscripted into the Red Army.
 79.  Lavrivskyi, Ivan  Private house  Ukrainian fanner. Married to Pindziola's daughter. Brother of Hryts Lavrivskyi in Dovzhytsia.
 80.  Kuz'ma  Private house/blacksmith's shop  Ukrainian. Went to Germany voluntarily in 1940 for work.


Cisna Map